Soil Moisture Monitoring

  • Berries
    • artificial media
      • Blueberry

        Under watered blueberry plants tend not to show any visual signs that they are stressed.

        However, not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Dramatically lower yields
        • Flower abortion and fruit drop
        • Reduced fruit quality

         Too much water:

        • Can lead to downgraded product due to poor quality (ie splitting)

        Growing in a soilless media requires careful irrigation and fertigation management strategies. Being able to quickly assess the moisture content and EC of the growing material is essential for success.

        • Wet Sensor + HH2
          • On-the-spot readings
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • WET Sensor + GP1
          • Continuous data logging
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • SML with ThetaProbe
          • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
          • Highly accurate soil moisture
          • Solar powered and low maintenance
      • Other

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Flower abortion and fruit drop
        • Premature ripening
        • Reduced flavour
        • Reduced production of fruiting canes adversely affecting next year's crop
        • Smaller and fewer berries

         Too much water:

        • Encourages root death and rot
        • Reduces quality (ie. Splitting of the berry)

        Growing in a soilless media requires careful irrigation and fertigation management strategies. Being able to quickly assess the moisture content and EC of the growing material is 

        • Wet Sensor + HH2
          • On-the-spot readings
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • WET Sensor + GP1
          • Continuous data logging
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • SML with ThetaProbe
          • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
          • Highly accurate soil moisture
          • Solar powered and low maintenance
      • Raspberry

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Crumbly fruit
        • Fewer and smaller berries
        • Shorter canes
        • Sunburn

         Too much water:

        • Causes root death
        • Encourages root rot
        • Results in undeveloped fruit

        Growing in a soilless media requires careful irrigation and fertigation management strategies. Being able to quickly assess the moisture content and EC of the growing material is essential for success.

        • Wet Sensor + HH2
          • On-the-spot readings
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • WET Sensor + GP1
          • Continuous data logging
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • SML with ThetaProbe
          • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
          • Highly accurate soil moisture
          • Solar powered and low maintenance
      • Strawberry

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Decreased flower numbers
        • Fewer and smaller fruit size
        • Poor fruit set
        • Poor quality and reduced flavour

         Too much water:

        • Encourages root disease
        • Reduced fruit quality
        • Reduces soil aeration

        Growing in a soilless media requires careful irrigation and fertigation management strategies. Being able to quickly assess the moisture content and EC of the growing material is essential for success.

        • Wet Sensor + HH2
          • On-the-spot readings
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • WET Sensor + GP1
          • Continuous data logging
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • SML with ThetaProbe
          • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
          • Highly accurate soil moisture
          • Solar powered and low maintenance
    • soil
      • blackberry

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Flower abortion and fruit drop
        • Reduced flavour
        • Reduced production of fruiting canes adversely affecting next year's crop
        • Smaller and fewer berries

        Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Blueberry

        Under watered blueberry plants tend not to show any visual signs that they are stressed. However, not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Dramatically lower yields
        • Flower abortion and fruit drop
        • Reduced flavour
        • Smaller fruit and reduced fruit quality

         Too much water:

        • Can lead to downgraded product due to poor quality (ie splitting)
        • Encourages root rot
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Other

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Flower abortion and fruit drop
        • Premature ripening
        • Reduced flavour
        • Reduced production of fruiting canes adversely affecting next year's crop
        • Smaller and fewer berries

         Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • Root death
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Raspberry

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Crumbly fruit
        • Fewer and smaller berries
        • Shorter canes
        • Sunburn

         Too much water:

        • Causes root death
        • Encourages root rot
        • Results in undeveloped fruit
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Strawberry

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Decreased flower numbers
        • Fewer and smaller fruit size
        • Poor fruit set
        • Poor quality and reduced flavour

         Too much water:

        • Encourages root disease
        • Reduced fruit quality
        • Reduces soil aeration
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Cereals & oil seeds
    • Dryland

      In rainfed farming we know that you can't control the water that your crop gets but soil moisture monitoring still makes sense.

      It helps you to:

      • Better understand and track your yield potential
      • Identify planting opportunities – can you sow early or get in a second crop
      • Identify what is limiting your crop - is it soil moisture or nitrogen
      • Improve the efficiency of your nitrogen application
      • Know how far rainfall has infiltrated the profile
      • Make decisions on carrying a crop to the end or cutting your losses and downgrading it to hay

      Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Irrigated
      • Barley

        Barley is fairly tolerant of water stress. However, adequate moisture during flowering, tillering and early jointing is important for maximising potential yield.

        Not enough water at these critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer grains per ear
        • Smaller grain size

         Barley is particularly susceptible to waterlogging. Too much water:

        • Can lead to a second growth which reduces overall yield
        • Reduces root growth and penetration
        • Significantly reduces tillering and yield

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Canola

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer seeds per pod
        • Flower abortion and fewer pods
        • Poor flower bud formation, reducing the potential yield of next year's crop
        • Reduced seed size

         Too much water:

        • Encourages plant disease such as Blackleg
        • Reduces soil aeration, restricting root growth

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Cottonseed

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Flower and young boll drop
        • Restricted plant growth
        • Shorter fibres

         Cotton is poorly adapted to water logged soils. Too much water:

        • Delays maturity of the bolls
        • Generates excessive vegetative growth
        • Reduces boll numbers

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions. Seedling emergence is dependent on soil temperature and sowing should not occur until a minimum temperature of 14 degrees C at planting depth has been maintained for 3 consecutive days.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Lucerne

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer pods per plant
        • Fewer seeds per pod
        • Loss of weaker plants
        • Premature flowering
        • Slow regrowth after cutting
        • Wilting, lack of vigour and leaf drop

         Too much water:

        • Can lead to scald
        • Encourages root and crown rot
        • Stops plant and root growth

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Maize

        Maize is particularly sensitive to both water stress and waterlogging. Not enough water at these critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer kernels per ear
        • Premature pollen drop
        • Reduced kernel weight
        • Reduced plant growth
        • Shorter ear lengths

         Too much water:

        • Causes spindly stems which flop
        • Results in poor plant and root growth and reduced yield
        • Will yellow leaves

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Oats

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer and smaller grains
        • Poorly filled grains
        • Premature maturation
        • Reduced panicle and flower numbers

         Oats are fairly tolerant of water logging but can still be adversely affected by too much water, through:

        • Impaired growth and weaker plant vigour
        • Reduced tillering

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions. The optimum soil temperature range for the germination and establishment of oats is between 15oC and 25oC.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Ryegrass

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in::

        • Higher root to shoot ratio
        • Smaller plants and reduced vigour

         Ryegrass is tolerant of waterlogging but too much water in the rootzone:

        • Halts plant growth
        • Reduces the subsequent yield

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Sorghum

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer grains
        • Lodging
        • Smaller and lighter seeds

         Too much water:

        • Reduces seed number
        • Suppresses tillering

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Sunflower

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Reduced head diameter
        • Reduced leaf area
        • Reduced oil content of the seeds
        • Smaller seeds

         Too much water:

        • Reduces grain weight
        • Reduces plant vigour and plant height

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Triticale

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Increased screening
        • Reduced root growth
        • Smaller grains

         Triticale is fairly tolerant of waterlogging, however, too much water:

        • Encourages root rot

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Wheat

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer kernels per spike
        • Reduced grain weight
        • Reduced spike density

         Too much water:

        • Delays ear emergence and plant maturation
        • Reduces root growth and penetration
        • Reduces tillers and fertile heads

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Citrus
    • Lemon

      Citrus trees are sensitive to both over and under watering.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Premature flowering
      • Reduced fruit set and increased fruit drop
      • Reduced fruit size

       Too much water:

      • Encourages root and collar rot
      • Reduces tree growth
      • Results in yellowing leaves
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Lime

      Citrus trees are sensitive to both over and under watering

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Dry limes
      • Premature flowering
      • Reduced fruit set and increased fruit drop
      • Reduced fruit size

       Too much water:

      • Causes root death
      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces tree growth and yellowing of leaves
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Mandarin

      Citrus trees are sensitive to both over and under watering.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Premature flowering
      • Reduced fruit set and increased fruitlet drop
      • Smaller fruit size

       Too much water:

      • Causes root death
      • Encourages root rot
      • Leaf chlorosis and reduced vigour
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Orange

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Dry fruit (granulation)
      • Fewer and smaller fruit
      • Leaf drop
      • Poor flavour

       Too much water:

      • Can result in leaf chlorosis and reduced vigour
      • Causes root death
      • Encourages root rot
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Cotton

    Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

    • Flower and young boll drop
    • Restricted plant growth
    • Shorter fibres

     Cotton is poorly adapted to water logged soils. Too much water:

    • Delays maturity of the bolls
    • Generates excessive vegetative growth
    • Reduces boll numbers

    Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions. Seedling emergence is dependent on soil temperature and sowing should not occur until a minimum temperature of 14 degrees C at planting depth has been maintained for 3 consecutive days.

    • GDot
      • Clear, simple visual guide
      • One soil moisture sensor
      • Low maintenance
    • Plexus
      • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
      • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
      • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Mushrooms

    Many mushrooms have very precise requirements for moisture levels. Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

    • Desiccation
    • Mushrooms forming below the casing surface
    • Poor yields

     Too much water:

    • Can produce smaller mushrooms
    • Causes loss of casing texture
    • Encourages growth of bacteria and moulds
    • Results in poor pinsets
    • GDot
      • Clear, simple visual guide
      • One soil moisture sensor
      • Low maintenance
    • Plexus
      • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
      • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
      • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Nursery
    • Artificial Media
      • Cut Flowers

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Early wilting
        • Reduced bud formation and fewer flowers

         Too much water:

        • Reduces root growth
        • Reduces vegetative growth

        Growing in a soilless media requires careful irrigation and fertigation management strategies. Being able to quickly assess the moisture content and EC of the growing material is essential for success.

        • Wet Sensor + HH2
          • On-the-spot readings
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • WET Sensor + GP1
          • Continuous data logging
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • SML with ThetaProbe
          • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
          • Highly accurate soil moisture
          • Solar powered and low maintenance
      • Ferns

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Browning of leaves
        • Shedding of leaves

         Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • Results in withering

        Growing in a soilless media requires careful irrigation and fertigation management strategies. Being able to quickly assess the moisture content and EC of the growing material is essential for success.

        • Wet Sensor + HH2
          • On-the-spot readings
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • WET Sensor + GP1
          • Continuous data logging
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • SML with ThetaProbe
          • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
          • Highly accurate soil moisture
          • Solar powered and low maintenance
      • Ornamentals

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Early wilting
        • Reduced bud formation and fewer flowers
        • Reduces leaf size and number

         Too much water:

        • Reduces root growth
        • Reduces vegetative growth
        • Weakens the plants and increases mortality after transplanting

        Growing in a soilless media requires careful irrigation and fertigation management strategies. Being able to quickly assess the moisture content and EC of the growing material is essential for success.

        • Wet Sensor + HH2
          • On-the-spot readings
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • WET Sensor + GP1
          • Continuous data logging
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • SML with ThetaProbe
          • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
          • Highly accurate soil moisture
          • Solar powered and low maintenance
      • Seedlings

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Reduced bud formation and fewer flowers
        • Reduces leaf size and number
        • Wilting and seedling mortality

        Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • Reduces root growth
        • Reduces vegetative growth
        • Weakens the plants and increases mortality after transplanting

        Growing in a soilless media requires careful irrigation and fertigation management strategies. Being able to quickly assess the moisture content and EC of the growing material is essential for success.

        • Wet Sensor + HH2
          • On-the-spot readings
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • WET Sensor + GP1
          • Continuous data logging
          • Soil moisture, EC and temperature
          • Specifically designed for artificial growing media
        • SML with ThetaProbe
          • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
          • Highly accurate soil moisture
          • Solar powered and low maintenance
    • Soil
      • Cut Flowers

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Early wilting
        • Reduced bud formation and fewer flowers

         Too much water:

        • Reduces root growth
        • Reduces vegetative growth
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Ferns

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Browning of leaves
        • Shedding of leaves

         Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • Results in withering
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Ornamentals

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Early wilting
        • Reduced bud formation and fewer flowers
        • Reduces leaf size and number

         Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • Reduces root growth
        • Reduces vegetative growth
        • Weakens the plants and increases mortality after transplanting
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Seedlings

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Reduced bud formation and fewer flowers
        • Reduces leaf size and number
        • Wilting and seedling mortality

         Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • Reduces root growth
        • Reduces vegetative growth
        • Weakens the plants and increases mortality after transplanting
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Nuts
    • Almond

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer and smaller kernels
      • Poor flower bud formation, reducing the potential yield of next year's crop!
      • Reduced vegetative growth
      • Significantly reduced hull split

       Almonds are particularly sensitive to water logging.

      Too much water:

      • Encourages plant disease such as root rot and can lead to mass plant death
      • Lowers yield due to reduced soil aeration
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Chestnut

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer nuts
      • Reduced vegetative growth
      • Smaller nut size

       Chestnuts are particularly susceptible to water logging. Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot which can lead to tree death
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Hazel

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Early fruit fall
      • Increased numbers of blanks
      • Reduced vegetative growth
      • Smaller and lighter nuts and kernels

       Hazelnut trees do not tolerate waterlogged soil. Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot which can lead to tree death
      • Lowers yield due to reduced soil aeration
      • Reduces vigour
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Macadamia

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Premature nut drop
      • Reduced nut quality
      • Restricted vegetative growth
      • Smaller and fewer nuts

       Too much water:

      • Can result in premature nut drop
      • Encourages root disease which can lead to tree death

      Macadamia's are sensitive to saline water.

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Peanut

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer and smaller seeds
      • Increased pod abortion and reduced pod yield
      • Increased risk of aflatoxin
      • Reduced quality

       Peanuts can withstand long periods of water logging. However too much water has been found to:

      • Reduce branches
      • Reduce plant height

      A minimum soil temperature of 18 degrees C is required for germination

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Pecan

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Impaired shuck opening
      • Leaf drop and branch dieback
      • Major fruit drop
      • Reduced crop set for next season
      • Reduced kernel size

       Pecan's are very sensitive to water stress. Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot which can lead to tree death
      • Reduces productivity
      • Reduces tree vigour
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Pistachio

      Fruit bud development is very sensitive to water deficit

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Decreased split hulls
      • Fewer and smaller nuts
      • Reduced growth
      • Reduced number of flowers

      Pistachios do not tolerate excess water in their root zone. Too much water:

      • Causes root death
      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces the numbers of flowers and fruit
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Walnut

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Increased sunburn
      • Kernel darkening, discolouring and shrivelling
      • Reduced nut quality
      • Smaller nuts

       Too much water:

      • Encourages fungal disease and root rot
      • Results in excessive unwanted vegetative growth
      • Root death possibly leading to tree death
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Olives

    Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

    • Incomplete flowering & poor fruit set
    • Increased alternate bearing
    • Reduced fruit oil content
    • Reduced fruit size
    • Reduced shoot growth and flower formation

     Olives are particularly sensitive to waterlogging. Too much water:

    • Encourages root rot
    • Reduces fruit yield
    • Results in poor growth
    • GDot
      • Clear, simple visual guide
      • One soil moisture sensor
      • Low maintenance
    • Plexus
      • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
      • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
      • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Pasture
    • Grazing

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Flower abortion and fewer pods/ears
      • Reduced seed/grain size
      • Reduced vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Encourages plant disease and root rot
      • Reduces soil aeration, restricting root growth and plant vigour

      Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Hay

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Flower abortion and fewer ears/pods
      • Reduced digestibility of hay and reduced total organic matter
      • Reduced grain/seed size
      • Reduced vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Encourages plant disease and root rot
      • Reduces soil aeration, restricting root growth and plant vigour

      Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Silage

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Reduced palatability
      • Reduced vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Encourages plant disease and root rot
      • Restricts root growth and plant vigour

      Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Pome
    • Apple

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer and smaller fruit
      • Poor flower bud formation, reducing the potential yield of next year's crop!
      • Poor fruit colour intensity
      • Reduced fruit quality

       Too much water:

      • Encourages plant disease such as root rot (which can lead to plant death)
      • Facilitates unwanted vegetative growth
      • Lowers yield due to reduced soil aeration
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Pear

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Leaf and fruit drop
      • Reduced flowering capability for the following season
      • Reduced fruit quality
      • Smaller fruit

       Too much water:

      • Causes fruit discolouration
      • Increases fruit drop
      • Increases the risk of crown rot
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Pulses & Legumes
    • Dryland

      In rainfed farming we know that you can't control the water that your crop gets but soil moisture monitoring still makes sense. It helps you to:

      • Better understand and track your yield potential
      • Identify planting opportunities – can you sow early or get in a second crop
      • Identify what is limiting your crop - is it soil moisture or nitrogen
      • Improve the efficiency of your nitrogen application
      • Know how far rainfall has infiltrated the profile
      • Make decisions on carrying a crop to the end or cutting your losses and downgrading it to hay

      Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Irrigated
      • Broad beans

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer flowers and fewer pods per plant
        • Fewer seeds per pod
        • Reduced nitrogen fixation
        • Reduced seed size
        • Smaller plants

         Broad beans are fairly tolerant of water logging:

         Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions
        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Chickpeas

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Decreased pod formation
        • Pod abortion
        • Reduced seed size

        Chickpeas are particularly sensitive to waterlogging during early seedling growth and at flowering.

        Too much water:

        • Encourages plant disease such as root rot
        • Results in root death through lack of oxygen

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Faba beans

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer flowers and fewer pods per plant
        • Fewer seeds per pod
        • Reduced nitrogen fixation
        • Reduced seed size
        • Smaller plants

        Faba beans are fairly tolerant of water logging.

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Field Peas

        Field peas are very sensitive to water stress during flowering, pod set and pod enlargement. Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Flower abortion and fewer pods per plant
        • Increased pod stringiness
        • Smaller plants
        • Smaller seeds

        Peas are also particularly sensitive to waterlogging. Too much water:

        • Can result in significant yield losses
        • Delays emergence of seedlings
        • Promotes root rot
        • Reduces plant growth

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Lentils

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer flowers and pods
        • Reduced seed retention
        • Reduced yields

        Too much water:

        • Encourages root and collar rot
        • Reduces nitrogen fixation
        • Reduces yield
        • Severely reduced vegetative and root growth

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Lupin

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Flower and young pod abortion
        • Folding and shedding of leaves
        • Reduced dry weight
        • Smaller seeds

        Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • Reduced nitrogen fixation
        • Reduces growth and vigour

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Peanut

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer and smaller seeds
        • Increased pod abortion and reduced pod yield
        • Increased risk of aflatoxin
        • Reduced quality

        Peanuts can withstand long periods of water logging. However too much water has been found to:

        • Reduce branches
        • Reduce plant height

        A minimum soil temperature of 18 degrees C is required for germination.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • Soybean

        Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

        • Fewer pods per plant
        • Increased flower abortion
        • Reduced shoot growth
        • Smaller and fewer beans per pod

        Too much water:

        • Encourages root rot
        • Reduces deep root growth and encourages shallow rooting
        • Reduces nitrogen fixation

        Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing and fertiliser application decisions.

        • GDot
          • Clear, simple visual guide
          • One soil moisture sensor
          • Low maintenance
        • Plexus
          • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
          • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
          • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Stone fruit
    • Apricot

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer and smaller fruit
      • Poor flower bud formation, reducing the potential yield of next year's crop!
      • Reduced fruit quality

       Too much water:

      • Can result in downgraded product (ie. from fruit splitting)
      • Encourages plant disease such as root rot (which can lead to plant death)
      • Facilitates unwanted vegetative growth
      • Lowers yield due to reduced soil aeration
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Avocado

      Avocado trees require careful water management.

      Problems relating to waterlogging and root rot may lead to some growers to underwatering, however, not enough water at critical growth stages will result in:

      • Poor fruit quality
      • Poorly timed flowering and increased fruit drop
      • Rapid ripening
      • Smaller and fewer fruit

       Too much water:

      • Can result in tree death if waterlogged for more than 48 hours
      • Encourages phytophthora root rot
      • Reduces tree vigour
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Cherry

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Smaller and less juicy fruit

      The Cherry plant is particularly sensitive to waterlogging.

      Too much water:

      • Causes leaf drop
      • Encourages root rot which can lead to tree death
      • Increases the occurrence of fruit split
      • Reduces vegetative growth
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Nectarine

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Increased occurrence of twin fruit
      • Reduced fruit quality with more fruit having deep sutures
      • Reduced fruit set
      • Smaller and fewer fruit

      Nectarines do not tolerate water logging. Too much water:

      • Can lead to poor colour development in fruit
      • Encourages fungal disease and root rot
      • Leads to dieback and root death
      • Reduces quality (ie softer fruit)
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Peach

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Increased number of double fruits
      • Reduced fruit quality with more fruit having deep sutures
      • Smaller and fewer fruit

      Peaches are highly susceptible to waterlogging. Too much water:

      • Can lead to poor colour development in fruit
      • Encourages root rot
      • Leads to dieback
      • Reduces quality (ie softer fruit)
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Plum

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer and smaller fruit
      • Flower and fruit drop
      • Increased occurrence of 'doubles' the following season

      Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces root growth

       

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Tropical Crops
    • Banana

      Bananas have a high water requirement

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Discolouration of the mature fruit and cracking of the skin
      • Fewer hands per bunch and fewer fingers per hand
      • Poor fruit quality
      • Shorter fingers

       Too much water:

      • Causes the plant to shutdown due to reduced soil aeration
      • Oxygen deficiency for more than 6 hours can result in root tip death root branching
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Custard apple

      Custard Apples may not show it, but water stress at critical times will dramatically affect fruit yield and quality.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Brown pulp disorders
      • Increased woodiness
      • Premature ripening of fruit
      • Smaller and fewer fruit

      The main feeder roots of the Custard Apple are relatively shallow and very susceptible to waterlogging.

      Too much water:

      • Reduces fruit quality
      • Significantly increases the chances of root and collar rot
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Ginger

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Increased risk of sunburn of newly developed shoots
      • Smaller rhizomes
      • Wilting of the plant

      Avoid overwatering before shoot emergence as rots develop easily and ruin the crop.

      Successful ginger crops are dependant on soil temperature, sprouting will not occur until the soil temperatures are sufficiently warm.

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • SML with Aquaflex
        • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
        • Soil moisture and soil temperature
        • Solar powered and low maintenance
    • Lychee

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Floral buds converting to leafy shoots
      • Fruit drop and smaller fruit size
      • Reduced fruit quality
      • Reduced vegetative growth

      Too much water:

      • Causes fruit splitting
      • Encourages root rot
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Mango

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Poor flower development
      • Premature fruit drop
      • Reduced fruit set
      • Sunburn

      There is some research to show that water stress during the pre-flowering winter months greatly enhances mango yields.

      Too much water:

      • Poor fruit quality
      • Reduces yield
      • Results in poor flowering and fruit set
      • Stimulates unwanted vegetative growth
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Peanut

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer and smaller seeds
      • Increased pod abortion and reduced pod yield
      • Increased risk of aflatoxin
      • Reduced quality

      Peanuts can withstand long periods of water logging. However too much water has been found to:

      • Reduce branches
      • Reduce plant height

      A minimum soil temperature of 18 degrees C is required for germination

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Pineapple

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Decreased fruitlet number
      • Increased risk of sunburn, cooking or boiling
      • Increased susceptibility to cracking and yeasty rot if it then rains near maturity
      • Reduced plant growth

      Too much water:

      • Can result in an overly large core
      • Reduces fruit size and quality
      • Reduces fruit size due to root death
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Sugar Cane

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Increased risk of Ratoon stunting disease
      • Reduced cane yield
      • Reduced sucrose accumulation
      • Shorter stalks heights

       Too much water:

      • Reduces root growth
      • Reduces tillering and stalk numbers
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Truffles

    Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

    • Poor initiation of fruiting
    • Reduces host tree growth and vigour
    • Smaller truffles

     Too much water:

    • Can cause root death of the host tree
    • Can result in rotting and death of the truffle fungus
    • Reduces the durability of the truffles
    • GDot
      • Clear, simple visual guide
      • One soil moisture sensor
      • Low maintenance
    • Plexus
      • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
      • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
      • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Turf
    • Golf Course

      Not enough water can result in:

      • Discolouration
      • Increased thatching
      • Poor playing surfaces
      • Poor root and vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Can cause the proliferation of weed grasses
      • Reduces vigour
      • Results in poor playing surfaces
      • ThetaKit
        • On-the-spot readings
        • Highly accurate soil moisture
        • Portable, robust and waterproof
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • SML with Aquaflex
        • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
        • Soil moisture and soil temperature
        • Solar powered and low maintenance
    • Parks

      Not enough water can result in:

      • Discolouration
      • Increased thatching
      • Poor root and vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Can cause the proliferation of weed grasses
      • Causes root death
      • Reduces vigour
      • ThetaKit
        • On-the-spot readings
        • Highly accurate soil moisture
        • Portable, robust and waterproof
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • SML with Aquaflex
        • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
        • Soil moisture and soil temperature
        • Solar powered and low maintenance
    • Racecourse

      One of the most critical components of this complex soil-turf-horse system is soil moisture.

      Not enough water can result in:

      • Discolouration
      • Increased thatching
      • Non-uniform growth
      • Poor root and vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Can cause the proliferation of weed grasses
      • Causes root death
      • Creates a track that is too slow for ideal racing
      • Reduces vigour
      • ThetaKit
        • On-the-spot readings
        • Highly accurate soil moisture
        • Portable, robust and waterproof
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • SML with Aquaflex
        • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
        • Soil moisture and soil temperature
        • Solar powered and low maintenance
    • Sports Fields

      Not enough water can result in:

      • Discolouration
      • Increased thatching
      • Poor playing surfaces – increases likelihood of player injuries
      • Poor root and vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Can cause the proliferation of weed grasses
      • Can lead to excessive damage to the playing surface
      • Creates poor playing surfaces
      • Reduces vigour
      • ThetaKit
        • On-the-spot readings
        • Highly accurate soil moisture
        • Portable, robust and waterproof
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • SML with Aquaflex
        • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
        • Soil moisture and soil temperature
        • Solar powered and low maintenance
    • Turf Growers

      Not enough water can result in:

      • Discolouration
      • Increased mortality post transplanting
      • Increased thatching
      • Poor root and vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Can cause the proliferation of weed grasses
      • Reduces vigour
      • ThetaKit
        • On-the-spot readings
        • Highly accurate soil moisture
        • Portable, robust and waterproof
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
      • SML with Aquaflex
        • Continuous logging with data available on the internet
        • Soil moisture and soil temperature
        • Solar powered and low maintenance
  • Vegetables
    • Beets

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Reduced sugar content
      • Smaller roots and reduced yield

       Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces Boron uptake causing pitting
      • Significantly reduces plant growth

      Beets are particularly sensitive to salinity during establishment.

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Brassica

      Brassica are particularly susceptible to water stress during plant establishment and head development.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Poor plant establishment
      • Poor quality
      • Reduced head size
      • Tip burn

      Too much water:

      • Can result in premature heading
      • Commonly leads to nutrient deficiencies
      • Increases the risk of black rot and club root
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Capsicum

      Capsicums are sensitive to water stress during flowering and fruit fill up to 12mm fruit.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Blossom-end rot
      • Flower abortion
      • Fruit drop
      • Smaller fruit

       Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot and may result in plant death
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Carrots

      Carrots are most sensitive to moisture stress during root enlargement and seed germination.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Growth cracks
      • Reduced flavour
      • Reduced quality (ie. Woody and hard)
      • Smaller and misshapen root

       Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot
      • Results in poor colour

      Knowing soil temperature is crucial for making important sowing (seed germination occurs between 7°C and 30°C) and fertiliser application 

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Celery

      Celery is extremely sensitive to water stress particularly during the last 4-5 weeks before harvest.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Reduced quality
      • Stringy and pithy stalks
      • Strong flavour

       Too much water:

      • Also results in pithy stalks
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Cucumber

      Cucumbers are sensitive to water stress particularly during fruit set and development.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Bitter fruit
      • Less fruit
      • Misshapen fruit
      • Smaller fruit

       Too much water:

      • Increases the vulnerability to disease and fungal infection such as root rot
      • Reduced yields
      • Results in yellowing of leaves & defoliation
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Eggplant

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer flowers
      • Fewer fruit per plant
      • Lighter fruit

       Too much water:

      • Encourages excessive vegetative growth
      • Reduces fruit yield
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Garlic

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Foliage yellowing
      • Lack of bulb formation
      • Premature dieback
      • Smaller bulbs

       Too much water:

      • Discolouration of the cloves
      • Increases the risk of rot
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Herbs

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Bolting
      • Increased insect attack
      • Reduced oil yield and reduced aromatic flavour
      • Reduced plant growth and vigour

       Too much water:

      • Encourages fungal disease and root rot and plant death
      • Reduced vigour
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Mixed

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Poorer quality
      • Reduced yield
      • Uneven growth rates

       Too much water:

      • Can cause root death
      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces nutrient uptake
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Onion

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Non-uniform emergence
      • Significant increases in the number of double bulbs
      • Small or split bulbs

       Too much water:

      • Causes damping off in young plants
      • Encourages root rot
      • Leads to bulb disease susceptibility
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Other

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Development of an unpleasant strong flavour
      • Reduced plant vigour and yield
      • Reduced quality
      • Small or misshapen crop
      • Uneven growth rates

       Too much water:

      • Can cause root death
      • Encourages fungal attack and root rot
      • Reduced nutrient uptake and vigour
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Peas and Beans

      Peas and beans suffer from waterlogging but need adequate moisture throughout their life. They are very sensitive to water stress during flowering, pod set and pod enlargement. Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Discoloured, short pods with malformed seeds
      • Flower abortion and fewer pods per plant
      • Poorer quality
      • Smaller plants
      • Smaller seeds

      Peas are also particularly sensitive to waterlogging. Too much water:

      • Can result in significant yield losses
      • Delays emergence of seedlings
      • Promotes root rot
      • Reduces plant growth
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Potatoes

      Potatoes are very sensitive to water stress. Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Common scab and hollow heart
      • Fewer tubers set per plant
      • Misshapen tubers
      • Reduce tuber size

      Potatoes are one of the most sensitive crops to damage caused by waterlogging. Too much water:

      • Can lead to wilting and chlorosis
      • Encourages disease
      • Reduces tuber yields

      The ideal soil temperature for potato growth is between 15oC and 20oC. Avoid planting at temperatures below 10oC and above 26.5oC.

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Salad Greens

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Bitterness
      • Bolting
      • Failure to heart
      • Tip burn
      • Uneven plant stands

       Too much water:

      • Increases burst heads
      • Increases the risk of downy mildew and sclerotinia rot
      • Lowers yields
      • Reduces quality
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Seedlings

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Reduced bud formation and fewer flowers
      • Reduces leaf size and number
      • Wilting and seedling mortality

       Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces root growth
      • Reduces vegetative growth
      • Weakens the plants and increases mortality after transplanting
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Spinach

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in::

      • Bolting
      • Reduced quality and flavour
      • Reduced vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces vigour and root growth
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Sweet Potato

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fewer tubers per vine
      • Increased risk of cracks and deformities
      • Reduced tuber size
      • Uneven and misshapen tubers

      Sweet potato is much less tolerant of excess water than of drought. Too much water:

      • Causes shallow rooting
      • Reduces number and size of tubers
      • Results in root death
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Sweetcorn

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Delayed silking
      • Poor kernel fill and smaller grain size
      • Poor tip fill
      • Reduced kernel numbers
      • Smaller ears

      Too much water:

      • Causes root death which can lead to plant death
      • Reduces leaf growth
      • Results in chlorosis
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Tomato

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Blossom end rot
      • Poor fruit set
      • Small fruit
      • Uneven fruit size

      Too much water:

      • Causes root death
      • Reduces fruit quality
      • Results in poor calcium uptake and deficiency
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Zucchini

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Misshapen fruit
      • Small fruit

       Too much water:

      • Causes root and eventually plant death
      • Encourages root and blossom rot
      • Reduces fruit set
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
  • Vines & Cucurbits
    • Honeydew Melon

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Hollow heart
      • Poor fruit set and fruit drop
      • Smaller fruit

      Too much water:

      • Causes fruit split
      • Encourages root rot
      • Given to young plants discourages root growth and the vine will not be able to cope with full fruit load at maturity
      • Reduces melon flavour
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Kiwi Fruit

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Cessation of plant growth
      • Reduction of yield in subsequent seasons
      • Smaller fruit
      • Sunburn

      Kiwifruit vines are sensitive to waterlogging. Too much water:

      • Can result in premature defoliation
      • Causes unrecoverable feeder root death
      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces growth
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Passionfruit

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Cessation of vine extension
      • Increased fruit and flower drop
      • Reduced flower bud initiation and fewer open flowers
      • Smaller fruit with less pulp

      Too much water:

      • Decreased fruit quality
      • Increases risk of base and root rot
      • Reduces vigour

      Passionfruit vines are particularly intolerant of salt.

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Pumpkin

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fruit cracking
      • Fruit drop
      • Premature flowering
      • Small sized fruit

      Too much water:

      • Early in development discourages root growth and the vine will not be able to cope with full fruit load
      • Encourages root rot
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Rockmelon

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Fruit drop
      • Hollow heart
      • Increased sunburn
      • Reduced brix (sugar) and flavour

      Too much water:

      • Early in development discourages root growth and the vine will not be able to cope with full fruit load
      • Promotes root rot
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Table Grapes

      Table grapes should never suffer from a shortage or excess of soil moisture.

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Adversely affect next season's yield
      • Lower colour density of skins
      • Reduced canopy growth
      • Reduced growth of bunches and smaller berries

      Too much water:

      • Can reduce berry size and bunch weight
      • Can result in poor quality berries
      • Causes root death
      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces growth
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Watermelon

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Blossum end rot
      • Poorly shaped and bottle necked fruit
      • Reduced fruit size
      • Reduced vegetative growth

       Too much water:

      • Early in development discourages root growth and the vine will not be able to cope with full fruit load
      • Hollow heart
      • Promotes root rot
      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
    • Wine Grapes

      Not enough water at critical growth stages can result in:

      • Adversely affect next season's yield
      • Lower colour density of skins
      • Reduced canopy growth
      • Reduced growth of bunches and smaller berries

      Too much water:

      • Can reduce berry size and bunch weight
      • Causes root death
      • Encourages root rot
      • Reduces growth
      • Wilting, chlorosis and shoot dieback

      Regulated deficit irrigation in red wine grapes has been shown to clearly increase fruit quality.

      • GDot
        • Clear, simple visual guide
        • One soil moisture sensor
        • Low maintenance
      • Plexus
        • Soil moisture data in the palm of your hand!
        • Suitable for small plots to hundreds of hectares.
        • Solar powered, low maintenance, low ongoing cost. 
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